Sochi 2014 Games: Olympic torch visits the North Pole on one of Quark’s boats
The Arctic actually doesn't have the coldest spot in the Northern Hemisphere. That belongs to a far east region of Russia which can get 10 degrees colder than the coldest region of the Arctic.
‘Arctic’ comes from ‘arktikos’, the Greek for ‘bear’. The reason is that Ursa Major, the Great Bear constellation, is seen in the northern sky.
The lowest temperature recorded in the Arctic is –68C (–90.4F) in Siberia.
Antarctica is colder than the Arctic. The lowest temperature recorded there was –89.2C (–90.4F)
The Arctic Ocean covers 5.4 million square miles; more than the area of Europe.
The line of the Arctic Circle is about 1,650 miles south of the North Pole.
A walrus can hold it’s breath underwater for up to 30 minutes
Grey whales migrate 12,500 miles from the Arctic to Mexico and back every year.
If all the ice in the Arctic melted, the global sea level would rise about 24 feet. If all the ice in the Antarctic melted, it would rise about 200 feet.
The Arctic region covers more than 18 million square miles (30 million square kilometers)—one sixth of the planet’s land mass—and spans 24 time zones.
The Arctic Ocean is the world’s smallest and shallowest, with an average depth of roughly a thousand meters (about 3,450 feet). Vast ledges of subsea land extend from the surrounding continents and underlie nearly two thirds of the ocean.
Humans have inhabited the Arctic for thousands of years. The current population of roughly four million people includes more than thirty different indigenous peoples, as well as Caucasians.
The Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents.
Icebergs are calved from glaciers and are seasonal. The icebergs are measured in cubic yards.
Sea ice accumulates over several years.
Land ice is found in limited areas, the largest being the Greenland ice sheet.
The elevation at the North Pole is 3 feet of sea ice. The bedrock is located 1400 feet below sea level.
The annual mean temperature at the North Pole is 0°F.
The Arctic is the desert of the north.
In the summer it has almost 24 hours of sunlight, and the in the winter it has almost 24 hours of darkness.
The film ‘Chasing Ice’ was filmed here
Jeremy Clarkson filmed a Top Gear special there
Narwhal: is known as the “unicorn of the sea”. Some medieval Europeans believed narwhal tusks to be the horns from the legendary unicorn. They can be found in the Canadian Arctic and western Greenland.
Beluga Whale: as part of our Arctic 2015 launch in Feb we are introducing a Canadian Arctic land-based program; a wilderness lodge located on a small bay at 74° North on Somerset Island in Nunavut, Canada, where the beluga whales come to mate for about six weeks each summer. Belugas are also known as the “canaries of the sea” for their highly vocal behaviour.
Puffins: known as “little brother of the north”. Sound like cows.
Whales: The heart of a blue whale is about the size of a VW Beetle car and weighs up to 1000 pounds – that’s about as much as 1,111 cans of baked beans!
Arctic Fox: the female is called a “vixen”
Nunavut, Canada: northernmost territory in Canada home to 32K population
Greenland has the most Elvis impersonators per capita than anywhere else.
There are more dogs than humans in Greenland
Greenland cannot join FIFA because because the country is unable to support any grass pitches. Games are played on artificial turf.
Longyearbyen has the northernmost gourmet restaurant in the world: Huset. It serves some traditional dishes featuring reindeer, grouse, barnacle goose, and seal and has a wine cellar with over 20,000 bottles.
Hans Island: a border dispute is still ongoing between Denmark and Canada over who owns the kidney-shaped island in the Arctic. Starting in the 1980s, Danes and Canadians waged a passive-aggressive “battle of the bottles,” over the island, where territory was marked by bottles of Canadian Club whisky and Akvavit, a Scandinavian liquor.
Dr. Strangelove was filmed in Greenland
Franklin’s men perished in the Arctic whilst hauling silverware and china. The men were also accused of cannibalism
Franklin’s widow, Lady Jane Franklin, devoted herself for many years after his disappearance to trying to ascertain his fate, including sponsoring seven expeditions to find her husband or his records (two of which failed to reach the Arctic)
Game of Thrones is shot in Iceland
Iceland is home to the penis museum
The Arctic Monkeys have never been to the Arctic